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Aquatic planting is essential to providing a healthy pond. As well as enhancing the appearance and provide a much more natural environment, they provide shelter and security for pond animals. Plants produce oxygen and absorb the carbon dioxide and ammonia, and so the improve the water quality. Because they compete with algae for nutrients, they can help to reduce algae growth.
There are a variety of water plants available that will greatly improve the pond. They can be either submerged, floating or emergent. In addition, adjacent planting around the outside of the pond is also important.
Submerged plants provide habitats for pond animals under the surface of the water.
Calitriche stagnalis (Water starwort)
Elodia canadensis (Canadian Pondweed)
Myriophyllum spicatum (Water Milfoil)
Floating plants provide protection from predators and the sun. They help to keep algae levels down by covering the surface area.
Nymphiodes pelata (Fringed waterlily)
Emergent plants are a half way house for many pond animals, providing shelter and breeding places. They allow dragonfly nymphs to climb out of the water
Alisma plantago-aquatica (water plantain)
Butomus umbellatus (flowering rush)
Caltha palustris (Marsh marigold)
Myosotsis scorpiodes (Water Forget-me-not)
Polygonium amphibium (Amphibious bistort)
A marshy area adjacent to the pool will provide good cover for amphibians and provide good insect cover.
Eupatorium cannabinum (Hemp agrimony)
Filipendula ulmaria (Meadowsweet)
Lythrum salicaria (Purple loosestrife)
Avoid introducing aggressive species such as Typha (reedmace) and Lemna spp (Duckweed).
Garden pond plants